A microphone’s main objective is to convert one type of energy to another type of energy termed as transducer, and this is done with as little difference as possible from the original source. Therefore when you make a recording, the type of microphone makes a big difference to what will be recorded.
Since there are a lot of various microphones sold out there, you have to make your choice based on your needs especially they are built differently and thus will function differently. You will most probably come across two main types of microphones for recording your music or sound and you will be able to choose the best for your needs.
Actually, choosing a microphone should not be too hard especially if you know the differences between them and which one you will use for your recording needs. Be aware for example that if you are recording vocals you will use a different type of microphone from that of recording instrument.
Generally, for instruments and live performances, a dynamic microphone is great to use. This kind of microphone is what you will notice liver performers are using. A condenser studio microphone on the other hand is the type that is used where details are extremely necessary like vocals and other soft recordings. It is good to be having both types of microphones but it will get down to the question if you can afford them.
In recording vocals where a flatter frequency is a must than the dynamic, the condenser will fit into the requirements. You will get a more accurate and clearer recording using a condenser studio microphone, while with dynamic, details are not that important since this type is meant for live performances and instrument recordings.
Another comparison between a condenser studio microphone versus a dynamic microphone is that the condenser would be needing a preamp or a mixer with a phantom power of around 48 volts, while the dynamic microphone, rugged and less sensitive as it is, does not need the phantom power.
The pickup pattern is another important thing to consider when you are choosing the best studio microphone for your recording needs. Be aware of the basic three types of pickup patterns, such as the omni directional microphones, the bidirectional microphones, and the unidirectional microphones.
If you are planning for a home recording studio, it is advisable to stay away from using the omni directional microphone because it can pick up sounds evenly, like sounds from your television, from your dog barking, and others.
On the other hand, the bidirectional microphone can pick up sounds from only two directions, which are the back and the front, thus are usually used in radio interviews where people can share one microphone.